Ways of Selecting Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy is one of the chronic neurological disorder where the individual suffers from seizures. Many people in the world suffer from epileptic conditions where seizures occur frequently. The disorder is believed to be caused by meningitis, stroke, AIDS and traumatic brain injury. There is also a higher chance of someone developing epilepsy if one if the family members has to this condition. Individuals who have epilepsy will have some items which can be identified as triggers if the disorder. Some of the triggers may include alcohol, caffeine, lack of sleep, stress and illness. Most people have different triggers and it could also be a combination of these triggers it other items. Managing the condition requires that the doctor should identify the type of seizures an individual experiences. The two main types of seizures are focal seizures and generalized seizures. In each the two cause different reactions in individuals with focal causing dizziness, loss of five senses and twitching of limbs while generalized seizures cause loss of bladder and jerking movement of legs and arms.
Epilepsy treatment drugs are based on the kind of seizures the person experiences. The side effects of the two types of medication drugs for epilepsy are different. The first drug which is known as the broad spectrum anti- epilepsy drugs mainly treats more than one type of seizures and the effects are insomnia, fatigue and dizziness. The other anti- epilepsy drug is known as narrow spectrum and it is used to treat specific seizures with the side effects vary depending on how the drug has been administered. There is the oral tablet, IV injection and solution. These drugs are effective in managing the seizures a person has due to epilepsy. The medication effectiveness is out to test when a person has identified his or her triggers. The condition needs to be managed since there are various risk factors.
If the individual has been on the anti-epilepsy drugs and the condition instead improve then there are alternative treatment methods. The options available when the medication doesn’t work include the vagus nerve stimulation and brain surgery. The seizures are stopped by the simulator placed under the skin of the epileptic person that sends electrical impulse to the brain. In brain surgery the part that causes seizures is removed but the process is final when it came me to treating epilepsy. Ketogenic diet can also be initiated when the medication doesn’t work with studies showing improvement for those who undertake this diet.
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